We are delighted to announce that Worcestershire Archives are one of the lucky repositories to be awarded funding from the 2014 round of the National Cataloguing Grant programme. Each year the Cataloguing Grants Programme supports the cataloguing of collections that need external funding to provide access to their content. The 2014 round received applications for over £1.8 million in total from various organisations, so we are extremely proud that our project has been selected for funding support.
The title of the project is 'Worcestershire's criminal record - cataloguing the West Mercia Police Authority Archives' and over the course of 15 months it will allow us to catalogue and make available the Police records in our care. For some years now the West Mercia records held by our service have had limited availability due to their uncatalogued status, so we are excited to finally dedicate the time needed to these records. Once catalogued the records will be made available on our online catalogue and, subject to any legal closure periods, will be available to view in our Original Archive Area at The Hive.
For more information on the Cataloguing Grant programme and to find out about the other successful applicants check The National Archives' website.
Keep checking back on our Blog for more information about the progress of the project throughout 2015!
Wednesday, 19 November 2014
Saturday, 15 November 2014
This week's Treasure is a letter from the Bantock archive, which has been chosen by Lesley Downing, Archive Assistant. This item shows just how far afield the remit of records from Worcestershire Archives can stretch as the letter was sent from Ceylon (modern day Sri Lanka). Although the opinions of the unknown author of this letter may be a little controversial, his letter provides a good description of the discoveries made there:
I came across this letter whilst looking through the archive of Sir Granville Bantock, ref: 705:462/4894. It is a very chatty letter, from one old friend to another, and was obviously written when the sender was caught up in a moment of discovery – in this case of the similarities and differences between his own religion, Anglican, and that of the country he was visiting, Ceylon, as Sri Lanka was then. It is a very personal, individual description, and bubbles with joy and enthusiasm at his surroundings and observations. It brings Ceylon, circa 1927 to Worcestershire, today.
Here is a full transcription of the letter:
"My dear GB.
I promised you I'd call and here I am. Your son has entertained me royally. I just want to say briefly how Colombo impresses me.
It is the most wonderful place I have yet struck. What a riot of colour! And the people! I have been almost standing on my head, wondering where I had landed in, when I visited a Hindu Temple!
I am more convinced than ever that the origins of religion and ritual are in these functions and places. From the daubing of the foreheads of children and adults with a cumin white paste and red paint, the burning of a candle at the entrance of the Hindu Temple, the glimpse of a mysterious image within, (what is the arc of the covenant and the altar in Christian churches but this?), to the dancing and tom-tom drumming outside, the hullabaloo and general hubbub, we have all that makes for a religion ceremony in the west – only a bit more refined and sophisticated.
This is true religion. The present Western type is a thinly-veiled replica of what I have seen today – with the hypocritical pretence that it is the only true revelation.
Our smug religionists don't like to peep too far back into the true sources of their ceremonies.
But there it is, and I have more respect for the simple honest faith of these people than the Western Christian, who won't admit the truth.
I am sorry I must stop. I am going to meet your son at the races, and then a rush, after dinner back to the ship.
He looks the picture of health and I am delighted to meet him again. He will write, of course, later.
Meantime my best thanks for your help and inspiration in telling me to call. I shall write again, yours ever.
D[?] Vaughan [?]"
Sir Granville Bantock was an internationally acclaimed composer and conductor, a personal friend of Elgar and many other musical and artistic figures of his day. His archive consists of approximately 6,000 items, many of which are personal letters, newspaper cuttings from his long and illustrious career and other personal items.
The archive holds several other items with an international feel, and I think it is a lovely illustration of the fact that we may be the Worcestershire Archive Service, but that does not mean that is all we are. The Bantock archive itself holds letters from a German contact, Otto Kling written in French, 1906-1911, ref: 705:462/4664/6, some items in Persian, his own lecture notes on 'Chinese Music and Drama' and a huge volume of newspaper cuttings, VIP invitations, Concert Brochures etc., from his tour of Australia in 1938. This includes a lovely photograph of the man himself, then around 70 years of age, cooling off during a heat wave by wearing a sarong!
We hold many, many private archives of Worcestershire people, the great and the good, and, of course, the ordinary people themselves. There must be hundreds, if not thousands of items that bring the world to Worcestershire in this way, just waiting to be discovered.
After Thomas Boyce died in 1920, Dandy Row, Pleasant Row and three houses in Chestnut Street were left to his son Rowland.
In July 1936 it was proposed that the city council purchase Dandy Row, Pleasant Row and the land between from Rowland O'Hara Boyce for the purposes of widening Severn Street. Demolition orders had already been served on 20th May.
By January 1937 the majority of the tenants had been re-housed with the exception of 6 Dandy Row and 2 Pleasant Row. The occupier of 6 Dandy Row was George Sanders.
Julia at the area of Dandy Row as it is today
The land was purchased in April 1937 for a total of £367 by the Health Committee, with a portion transferred to the Streets Committee for road widening.
The tender for buildings was advertised in September 1937, but due to high prices it was deferred until the market was more stable for building work. Tenders were again called for in February 1938 and sixteen flats were built by Thomas Alfred Simpkins, a builder and contractor of High Street, Pershore. The land where the houses in Dandy Row stood was used for widening Severn Street.
Taken from The Worcester City Archives held at Worcestershire Archive and Archaeology Service. Ref: 496.5/BA9360/Cab23/228
Teresa and Angie at the area of Dandy Row as it is today
Explore Your Archive
The past week has shown what it is possible to achieve from one photograph and the use of your local archive. But it doesn't have to end here as we hope that we have inspired you to do some research of your own. There are many more people who lived in Dandy Row, not just those who lived there in the 1900 directory. There are also more sources that haven't been explored yet and they may have equally interesting stories to tell. If we have whetted your appetite, here is a recap of some of the sources we used that are all available at your local archive:
Available in our Original Archive Area during staffed hours:
- Worcester City Archives
- St Peter's School Admission Register (closure periods apply to records less than one hundred years old)
Available on microfilm in our Self Service Area
- Astwood Road Cemetery Records
- St Peter's Church, Worcester Parish Registers
- Worcester Probate Records
Available in the local studies reference library, in our Self Service Area
- Littlebury's Directory of the City of Worcester, 1896, 1898, 1900 (ref: 900.1896, 900.1898, 900.1900 respectively)
- The Worcester Daily Times Trade and Industrial Edition, 1903 (ref: oversize 609.42448)
- Jones, Ray, Porcelain in Worcester 1751-1951: An Illustrated Social History (ref: 738.27)
- Clarke, A, The History of the Net Fishermen of Worcester, (ref 799.13).
- Measom, George, Guide to the Great Western Railway,1860. (ref 942.4)
- Lyes, D.C., The Leather Glove Industry of Worcester in the Nineteenth Century. (ref 338.476854)
Available through the free subscription to the website Ancestry.co.uk, which is available at any Worcestershire library
- Census records for 1871,1901 and 1911
- General Register Office Index to birth, marriage and death.
- Service Records for Henry William Martin
Please see our website for more information about visiting us.
By Teresa Jones
A special thanks go to Angie, Julia and Teresa who have spent months researching the history of Dandy Row in order to bring this series of posts to the Blog. Their initial discovery sparked their interest and inspired research that has taken them across the full range of records held by Worcestershire Archives. Their joint research demonstrates just how much one can find out about an area by digging through our records.
If you would like to start your own research then why not come along to The Hive to find out more? We have an ongoing programme of courses available to help new users, including classes on family, local and house history. To find out more please see our Events Guide. You can sign up to hear about updates on future courses available by emailing firstname.lastname@example.org.
Friday, 14 November 2014
At No. 2 Dandy Row, lived Nathaniel Wale and his wife Ellen.
Nathaniel married Ellen Morgan in 1870 and the newlyweds moved into their home in Severn Street where in early 1871 their first child Ellen Maria was born. Sadly, their baby daughter died the following year, but they had five further children: Anne Marie (who also died in childhood), Frederick, Bertram (known as Bertie) Gertrude Ethel (known as Ethel) and Harold. Ellen Wale died in 1912 and Nathaniel in 1921. They were one of the longest inhabitants of Dandy Row.
In the 1911 census the three youngest children are still living with them in Dandy Row and working for local companies; Bertram is a labourer at McKenzies, Ethel is a gloveress (glove maker) for Dents and Harold is an organ builder for Nicholsons.
Picture of the Vulcan Works, Worcester taken from 'Guide to the Great Western Railway' by George Measom. 1860.
McKenzie and Holland Limited. Railway Signal and Interlocking Engineers.
The Vulcan Iron Works were established in Worcester in 1857. They manufactured railway signalling equipment as well as signal boxes, telegraph poles, towers for telephone lines, water tanks and bridges. The business was begun on a small scale, with a total workforce of less than 80. By the start of the 20th century the factory employed between 600 and 700 men and covered approximately 5 acres as well as having plants in Australia. The business had flourished with the huge expansion of the railways, both in Britain and around the world and particularly within the British Empire.
In the early 20th century the Managing Director was Walter Holland who had also been Mayor of the City.
Photograph of the river front, Worcester c. 1900. This photograph is from a collection of glass negatives held by Worcestershire Archives. It shows the factory of Dent, Allcroft and Co.in the centre of the picture (behind the bridge). The photographer and copyright holder of the photograph are unknown, so if you know who they were please get in touch.
Dent, Allcroft and Co. Glove Manufacturers.
In 1772 John Dent received freedom to trade in Worcester and established a glove manufactory in Sidbury, Worcester. An advertisement for Dent, Allcroft and Co. from the early 1900s claimed around 1000 people worked in their factory and 1500 worked as outworkers. However, 'The Leather Glove Industry in Worcester in the Nineteenth Century', by D.C. Lyes puts the figure of outworkers nearer to 10,000. From the number of Worcester women who put their occupation on the census as 'Gloveress', the higher figure would seem more accurate. The book also gives the number of gloves produced by the company in 1884 as 12¼ million pairs - nearly half the UK's total production. The company of Dents still manufactures gloves, but no longer in Worcester.
Picture of the Nicholson factory on Palace Yard, Worcester by kind permission of Nicholson and Co. More information of the company can be found on their website.
Nicholson and Co. Organ Builders.
Nicholson and Co. Organ Builders, was established in Worcester in 1841 and the company's factory was in Palace Yard, not far from Dandy Row.
The company built (and still builds) organs for cathedrals, public halls and churches around Britain and across the world.
From 1903 to 1915 Nicholsons was owned by A.H. Whinfield. The Whinfields often gave musical evenings at their house and Edward Elgar was a frequent guest. In 1903 the company featured in The Worcester Daily Times Trade and Industry Edition 'Worcester at Work' where the quality of the organs manufactured at Nicholsons is extolled,
'Every care is taken that the material used, the workmanship bestowed, the proportions of the organ will lead to a correct musical result.'
By Julia Pincott
Thursday, 13 November 2014
The Webb Family who lived at no 4 were one of the many fishing families that lived in the area.
Isaac Webb baptised in 1790 was the founder of this fishing dynasty. He was an apprentice fisherman. He completed his apprenticeship and received his freedom of the City in 1812. He married and had 11 children. All five of his sons worked within the fishing community.
He died on the 1st May 1866 at the age of 75 having been admitted into Nash's Alms House 5 years earlier. His death was reported in the Worcestershire Journal. It states the he was 'much respected' and that he was 'at the Battle of Waterloo'.
According to The Waterloo Medal Roll of 1815 on Ancestry there was a Private Isaac Webb in the 2nd Battalion 3rd regiment of Foot Guards.
His first son Isaac became a Severn Steam Tug Captain and according the 1871 census his tug was called 'Enterprise. It carried coal along the Severn.
Issac died in 1909 in Wyatts Alms Houses in Friar Street Worcester. In his will he left his son a photograph of himself, his wife and Grand-father and a picture of a punt. This is a flat-bottomed boat with a square-cut bow designed for use in small rivers or other shallow water.
The Fishing industry on the Severn came to an end in 1929 when netting of fish on the Severn was prohibited by Parliament.
By Angie Downton