Childhood Tales – A Worcestershire Young Archaeologists Club Project

  • 15th March 2022

Worcestershire Young Archaeologists Club has been running for 18 years, providing archaeological and historical activities for 8-16 years old. It is supported by Worcestershire Archive and Archeology Service, and we encourage it and members have staff have been leaders or have helped run specific events. Over the next few days we are sharing about a project they’ve been working on.

WYAC have been working on a project, Childhood Tales, as part of the From Ordinary to Extraordinary project, funded by National Lottery Heritage Fund. From Ordinary to Extraordinary encouraged groups to think about underrepresented archaeology or history. We thought we would look at childhood and children. Several times our sessions have touched on this, and how it is difficult to understand childhood in the past through the archaeological record or through archives. The members have found this fascinating so thought that this would be a great topic to look at.

This week the results of the project will be shared on social media. We are supporting WYAC by hosting their blog posts, and by resharing tweets, Facebook posts and Instagram posts. We hope you enjoy them!

Why are children underrepresented within archives and archaeology?

We asked members for their thoughts after running our first sessions

Childhood was different in the past. Children were expected to help with work as soon as they could.

Toys and games would mostly be made of whatever they had to hand and wouldn’t last so archaeologists wouldn’t find them. Mum and dad wouldn’t be able to afford to buy toys.

It can be hard to work out whether an archaeological find used by children or adults, and we can assume that most things are for adults.

In the past people wouldn’t ask children their views or thoughts. A lot of what survives are official records and don’t tell us what life was life for children. Even School log books are written by Headteachers and doesn’t give what children thought. Children often had to just do as they were told.


WYAC Events


Members outside the windmill

The Christmas event was at Avoncroft Museum. As we went round we spoke to some of the volunteers in the buildings and asked them whether there was anything in the building relating the children, or how children would have used the building. The buildings were decorated for Christmas.

Windmill – “we were told that the miller would get his children to help as soon as they were old enough to help. It would have been hard work, and a bit dangerous”

Tollhouse (Turnpike Road) – “We were told that large families lived here, according to the census and records. Up to 8 children! But only 2 bedrooms. There would not have been much room. It was decorated with stocking at the end of beds, but children in Victorian times didn’t get many presents at Christmas.

Prefab – “these were built at the end of the Second World War to replaced bombed houses. It had several examples of presents children may have had in the last 1940s. These included books, jigsaws, dolls and an aeroplane.”


Prefab decorated for Christmas, with 1940s presents

January & February

The first events of 2022 looked at different ways we can find out about children and childhood in the past. Some of these used the resources held within the WAAS collections.

Portable Antiquities Scheme – we had a search of this database to find items which could be linked

Toys and games – we had a go at some games such as dominoes, marbles, playing cards, tiddlywinks and Nine Men’s Morris. We then though of what game we could create from some random objects. Children in the past (and today) make up games from whatever they find, as well as buying games.

Toys and games including cards, dominoes and dice

Letters from the Past – in the archives are a collection of letters written by children in Pershore and Badsey about market gardening. This was for a BBC radio programme. It’s a re example of children giving their views.

Log Books – we looked at school log books for WWI period, here in the archives. As well as the usual daily activities it would mention children working on the land and helping with harvests, and the difficulties heating the school. There was also lots of mentions of illnesses, including measles, mumps, scarlet fever and influenza. Some of these were fatal, and other caused children to be off school for months.

Drakes’ Broughton Log Book

Drakes Broughton School Log Book highlighting children off with illness and working on land

Victorian Poor – using a range of sources we discovered what life was like in Worcester, including where they would go for help and how many toilets and water pumps there were and how many people shared these.

Prehistoric Burials – we looked at an example of a prehistoric child burial to see what this could tell archaeologists.

Photo of prehistoric burial



What I discovered…

We asked members what they found out about children through these sessions.

Fewer child burials survive than adult burials, so archaeologists have less information.

Most written records are by adults and don’t mention children.

In Victorian times children could be apprentices for 7 years. They couldn’t get married or go to the pub without their master’s permission, and had to obey their master. However they got to learn a trade and were fed and got a bed.

When families were poor in Victorian times the parents would write to the School board to ask for help. They would ask to have breakfast or free school meals, similar to today but you had to ask. Some Mums wrote that they had to feed their children bread and lard.

Some children in Victorian times lived in ‘Courts’ which were houses around a courtyard with lots of families sharing the rooms. Over 50 people may share 2 toilets! We don’t know what the children thought about this.

In 1930s lots of families near here were Market Gardeners. Letters which were written by children describe how hard life was, and how lots of children had to help their Dad. They might work before and after school and at weekends.

In World War I lots of children would help on farms. Some would leave school early and others would be off school for the different harvest (peas, potatoes and other food). Lots of schools organised Blackberry hunts, when they would go blackberry picking and send the fruit to be made into jam to send to soldiers. This was allowed by the Government. We don’t do that today! Some children even collected conkers for the war effort to help with making bombs.

During WWI schools had lots of shortages. Some had no coke (a type of coal not the drink) so had to close in winter when it was cold.


Members were asked to investigate an aspect of childhood which interested them outside of WYAC sessions. This could include speaking to older relatives to find out from personal experience what life was like in the past. We’ll share some of these in future blogs.

Interviewing Family Members

World War II

Toys and Games

From Ordinary to Extraordinary is part of Shout Out Loud, English Heritage’s national youth engagement programme. Shout Out Loud is funded by the National Lottery Heritage Fund’s Kick the Dust programme.



Logos for From ordinary to Extraordinary; Shout Out loud; National lottery heritage Fund; English Heritage and Council for British Archaeology

2 responses to “Childhood Tales – A Worcestershire Young Archaeologists Club Project”

  1. John Turrell says:

    A great deal of children’s play and amusement didn’t involve physical things which must be frustrating from the archaeologist’s point of view. Children’s games such as ‘Hide and Seek’ leave no trace but have been played for hundreds if not thousands of years. I spent more than fifteen years recording the games played in Worcestershire – both by children at the time and from the memories of parents and grandparents.

    • Paul Hudson says:

      Absolutely. There are so many reasons why it’s underrepresented in the record. When looking at toys and games we also had a random assortment of items and got them to think of how they could be used within a game, and we got lots of great suggestions. They helped them understand why things won’t be found by archaeologists or be found in written record. We need to work on the basis that children’s minds worked similar to in the past, and things like hide and seek or tig must have also have been played, even if variations.
      Recording games played is great, and must be fascinating, as well as important for preserving for the future.

Post a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Related news

  • 22nd May 2024
The New Burdens project

Worcestershire Archive and Archaeology Service (WAAS) is embarking on an exciting 2 year project to catalogue a range of public records as a result of New Burdens funding. The funding made available from central government compensates local authorities for increased activities that places of deposit such as WAAS may experience due to changes in legislation with the Public Records Act.

  • 27th June 2023
If only artefacts could talk…

Our Roots in Time project, based around 2022’s community excavation at Evesham’s New Farm Nature Reserve, has got us thinking about human nature. Prehistory is often thought of as being primitive – a time when life was just about survival and people were perhaps less intelligent than today. But archaeology shows us that this idea...

  • 31st March 2023
Badsey’s Big Dig

In May 2022, 19 test pits were excavated across Badsey village as part of the Small Pits, Big Ideas project.  Badsey is known to be in an area where there is evidence of early activity, but what could we find out about the medieval village? What is this all about? This community excavation was part of...